Having the right freediving and spearfishing gear is important. You don’t need to worry because freediving and spearfishing equipment is simpler and cheaper than you think.
There are different kinds of mask, but you should look for one with low air volume, soft silicone skirt, clear lenses and nose pocket. When there’s low air volume inside the mask, less air from the lungs is required to equalize. Clear lenses allow you to see and assess your condition and surroundings during the last part of your dive. Tempered glass lenses that are mounted on a single plane are durable and provide perfect vision.
You can also find masks that have plastic lenses. These masks bend around the face at depth, but are not as durable as masks with tempered glass lenses. Plastic lenses can distort vision as well. The nose pocket helps you equalize the air in your mask. Soft silicone skirt keeps the mask comfortable to wear. It also forms a good seal around the face.
Weight compensates for the wetsuit’s buoyancy and ensures that the diver is neutrally buoyant at his desired depth. Neutral buoyancy is normally set at around 10 meters or deeper for any diving deeper than 12 meters. Buoyancy is usually set at around 4 meters for recreational freediving along shallow reefs.
Weight belts should be flexible so that it can be worn securely on the hips. The diver should be able to quickly release the bell, helping him return to the surface easily. Tiny, evenly spaced weights improve balance and hydrodynamics in the water.
Freediving snorkels should be simple so that it’s easy to use. Look for a snorkel with a soft silicone mouthpiece, slightly curved or straight bore and means of attaching it to a flotation device or the mask.
You can use a monofin or bi-fins. The former is best for distance and depth, while the latter is ideal for recreational diving, teaching and buddying. Bi-fins allow you to move more easily than a monofin.
Exposure suits protect the diver against various elements. For instance, wetsuits keep the diver warm. Neutrally buoyant suits protect divers from the jellyfish, sun and other hazards.
Get the thinnest glove possible so that you can use your hands properly, but they should still be thick enough to keep you warm.
Freediving competitions require a lanyard. It’s also recommended for most recreational depth training dives. The lanyard connects you to the line. In case of an emergency, the entire line can be brought up with you attached to it.
A line is required for depth freediving. It can be attached to a buoy, the side of a boat or a platform. A buoy enhances the diver’s visibility to water traffic and gives them a place to rest on or store drinking water.
Polespears and Hawaiian slings are similar as both tools allow you to be extremely close to the fish. Hawaiian slings won’t leave your hand when shooting a fish, while a polespear does. A shorter speargun is ideal when there’s low visibility. Fish size and visibility determine the power and length of the speargun you should use.
Bring a spearfishing knife for your protection. If you get entangled in a spearfishing line, you can cut it and then ascend to the surface. A good spearfishing knife is durable, sharp and doesn’t rust.
Aside from these tools, you may also want to get freediving watches, floats, reels and floatlines.